access repair tool

It offers the supreme digital notebook working experience, which stores and shares notes in just one solitary, quick-to-obtain site. Now seize text, pics, movie and audio documents and check them just about any where.

100% Cross-System: Several builders use Filemaker in mix with other programming languages to build highly effective facts processing apps. Additional, Filemaker is an a hundred% cross-system relational database engine that operates on both Windows and Mac OS in an actual and very same way. So you databases application can seamlessly retail store, mange and accessibility facts, regardless of the platform.

This calculation is not essential to understand a calculation industry, but it’s an fascinating one particular in any case and is typically used in calculations. If you have a date of delivery field, e.g. DOB, then you can get the job done out each individual person’s age by subtracting DOB from today’s date. In Access today’s date is calculated by Day() in the calculation subject. So if we use Date()-DOB for the calculation we will get age. Dates in Entry are truly saved as complete quantity (of days from 1 Jan 1900), so the result of our calculation will be every single person’s age in days! To work out age in decades we divide the calculation by 365.twenty five. The .twenty five is to make it possible for for a leap year.

The Main Vital is for that reason vital to outline individual documents. In truth this is crucial when there are probably to be extremely significant databases containing thousand if not thousands and thousands of records. The International Vital strategy enables cross-referencing of tables and data, which is especially important in modern-day databases, which can include hundreds of separate tables. The cross-referencing and becoming a member of of the tables make interactions concerning the tables, which is what can make a relational databases achievable and practical.

The most effective Access recovery application is provided by Stellar Facts Techniques Ltd. Stellar Phoenix Access Restoration incorporates state-of-the-art scanning strategies to recuperate and Maintenance Obtain database elements including tables, forms, sights, queries, macros and more. This Entry Restore software program supports Accessibility 2007, Accessibility XP, Access 2003, Entry 2002 and Accessibility 2000.

Microsoft PowerPoint 2010 delivers enhanced audio and visible capabilities, which will explain to you a crisp, cinematic story that is as uncomplicated to build and also effective to enjoy. With new effortless-to-use equipment, you can polish your presentations and keep your audience’s attention even for a longer period. You can also obtain to PowerPoint 2010 from your Smartphone or the Net.

Stellar Phoenix Access Recovery is the most believe in worthy Obtain Recovery utility. This read-only recovery device can restore and entry maintenance databases factors these types of as query, form, report, macro and module. It supports microsoft access 2007, 2003, XP (2002) and 2000. It is compatible with Windows Vista, XP, 2003, 2000 and NT.

Corruption in MS Obtain database generally takes place due to MS Place of work malfunctioning, functioning method malfunction, file program damage, destructive application like virus and much more. As soon as the database receives corrupted due to any of the above reasons, the knowledge saved in it turns into inaccessible. In this kind of circumstances, an up-to-day and valid data backup functions as a boon to restore your shed knowledge. But, if you have not taken care of any backup or it fails to restore the required details, then you need to have to repair the corrupted Obtain databases. To do so, you need to opt for highly developed Accessibility Mend software.

However, one particular or additional information in a desk might be corrupt. Scroll down the table until eventually you obtain the record which triggers the challenge. Minimize and paste all those data into an additional table. If you can open the database then your remedy is rather basic else you will need to get the data fixed utilizing some entry restore software.

GB in size. In these kinds of conditions, you need to repair and restore the Access databases factors by utilizing advanced and efficient Entry Repair instrument. These types of obtain database fix utilities use influential scanning procedures to supply absolute and systematic database restore of all Obtain databases parts. With interactive and person-friendly interface, these utilities can be conveniently utilised to restore and restore corrupted Entry databases without having prior complex knowledge.

However, you do not get thoroughly clean documents after following these methods then there may possibly be file corruption probabilities then in that case you will have to use a third bash application to maintenance entry file.

Right after the person encounters the higher than error message, Accessibility database becomes inaccessible. The over error information suggests that the Accessibility database has been corrupted. The databases got inaccessible owing to damaged or lacking references of FPDTC.dll file. FPDTC.dll is a knowledge connection library file that is utilised by an user when building the database. At the time this file is corrupted, Access database will become inaccessible.

Varieties occur in a lot of varieties in microsoft access. One of the bulk standard types to use is a sub sort. Usually a sub type has a grid like seem and is utilised to display extra than 1 history.

There could be numerous explanations but the most predicted is that at the time of execution of compact and restore database utility, indexes are rebuilt. Because of to that, any time it finds details that effects violation in indexes which additional drops out the indexes. Or, if you enforced referential integrity on this table which is also taken off by compact method. Or database may have absent corrupt which is not allowing the databases to be accessed appropriately.

Though, these strategies perform in some situations and can repair the difficulty, but if you are getting dilemma owing to corrupted MDB file, you have to have to use some innovative strategies for Access recovery.

, Access databases are also a lot easier to manipulate than its counter parts like SQL Server and Oracle. It is also very versatile. While this form of database is primarily made to advantage compact businesses, you can hyperlink together a few of the databases.

Options to Deliver a Variety of Reports: Each and every firm has to produce a selection of experiences to convey significant info to staff, management and purchasers. Along with working with the up to date and most related information, the reports also want to current the data in a stylish and eye-catchy way. With the step-by-phase reporting resources offered by Filemaker, you can use potent and interesting stories, and use these to manage and automate various duties. The feature more allows you to share the experiences in widely used file formats like PDF and Excel.

Alpha Five v10 has a selection of selections for desktop and Website environments. Alpha 5 v10 Developer is the regular. There are also Alpha V Runtime, for deploying desktop purposes, Alpha Five v10 Application Server, with a module server for the deployment of Website apps, and the All-In-One particular bundle. Just about every edition of Alpha 5 v10 is suitable with Windows 2008 Server, Windows 2003 Server, Windows 7, Windows Vista, and Home windows XP.

To affirm that your difficulty has been resolved, perform all the jobs that induced the earlier mentioned habits. Nonetheless, if the concern is not resolved and you still encounter any of the previously mentioned databases behavior, then you will want to use Obtain Restoration software to recover your info. These types of Access Database Repair service applications use substantial finish scanning techniques to mend corrupted or weakened Access databases. These accessibility restore applications are crafted by hugely experienced information restoration gurus and very easily understandable with no any complex awareness. Such purposes deliver comprehensive recovery of Accessibility database documents like .accdb and .mdb.

If you have expertise with SQL, Crystal Experiences, and Entrance Website page, you really should have no challenges. Novices shouldn’t always be discouraged, but the learning curve for Alpha 5 is pretty steep.

Access restoration is very best attainable utilizing the 3rd celebration Accessibility recovery software program. These program are pretty strong and have out fantastic Entry mend in virtually all doable cases of MDB corruption. With no owning any seem and prior technological knowledge, you can use these program pretty quickly for excellent Entry recovery.

Like any piece of engineering, erudition microsoft access takes era. There are many Microsoft Access tutorials out there, but routinely you are nevertheless remaining fraught. Any fantastic Microsoft Access education method ought to split you in tenderly. It should really discuss about what a databases is & the components of the MS Accessibility edge. There is no issue in producing a monitor when the fundamentals of how to implement the boundary have not been enclosed.

We decide to give all team a 5% reward and want to include a calculation field to our query to clearly show this. Our more reward discipline will clearly show the calculation [Salary]*.05 which is the authentic income periods 5%. In question structure view, in the reduced part of the screen, pick the top mobile in first vacant column to the proper of the existing fields. In this cell type Salary*.05 and then simply click into the up coming cell down. Accessibility will increase the sq. brackets spherical the phrase “Salary” because it recognizes the identify as an existing field in the question. Save the query.

MS Access is a single of the most well-known databases management units, which allows you to build and control data, and is made and promoted by Microsoft. Accessibility is simply obtainable, its straightforward to use, scalable, and has obtained plenty of practical assist from discussion boards all in excess of the world. Getting mentioned that, sometimes the database tables can get corrupt because of distinct reasons this sort of as inappropriate shutdowns, virus bacterial infections, hardware corruption, database header corruption, etc. In these kinds of circumstances, you need to execute ideal corrective actions to recuperate Obtain file. In scenario, the Access databases is not fixed then you should really use a 3rd-get together Obtain databases mend tool.

Enterprises can use databases in quite a few unique strategies. On an organisational degree, databases can be employed for processing substantial amounts of info this kind of as tracking client orders and for accounts. microsoft access has the capability to make sure that the info is secure and safeguarded from procedure crashes. Training in various Microsoft Accessibility approaches gives staff members confidence in controlling business enterprise info which can direct to amplified effectiveness in the office.

So Obtain ‘newbies’ can benefit from the introduction teaching stage, discovering crucial principles this kind of as how to use tables, fields and documents in relation to basic queries, sorts and views. The much more superior users will produce competencies in SQL queries and how they relate to relational databases.

Lots of Entry people learn about databases from the Accessibility templates and amid these is Northwind. This post describes how this databases can be pretty valuable in discovering how to use Entry 2010. Numerous Obtain consumers have a glance at Northwind but are in some cases place off because there is so considerably facts to appear at in so many various sites inside the databases. On the other hand if you are new to working with Accessibility 2010 or want to make your Accessibility abilities it can be an exceptional starting up stage.

Problem 6# – You are essential to implement specified security update variations centered on the by now present types in your community. Which of the adhering to would you use to assess what exists and what wants to be used?

It has enhanced options to create qualified-excellent paperwork, you can function together with a number of folks and just about wherever obtain to your documents. You can produce and manage documents in much less time, with fewer energy. Retail outlet your documents online, then entry and edit Word 2010 from virtually any Net browser.

The Main Critical is therefore important to define unique documents. In actuality this is important when there are probably to be particularly huge databases that contains thousand if not millions of data. The Foreign Key strategy permits cross-referencing of tables and records, which is especially crucial in modern-day databases, which can include thousands of individual tables. The cross-referencing and joining of the tables create interactions concerning the tables, which is what can make a relational databases achievable and simple.

Making tables has also turn out to be really easy. When generating tables as portion of your MS Access 2007 tutorial lessons, you might use 1 of the basic development approaches, such as creating columns in datasheet run variety. Nevertheless, it is enhanced to appear at utilizing the system view to make tables for the reason that this may supply you a fantastic knowledge of columns .The created in wizards might only attain you so much.

With the alternative of working technique, website browser, and gadgets different from one particular user to another, it has come to be necessary for applications to seamlessly combine information and facts stored on various facts resources. Also, quite a few businesses discover state-of-the-art possibilities to handle and share important info with the associates of their dispersed groups. Many builders also appreciate to make cross-system database programs to meet up with the consistently changing user expectations.

Obtain provides impressive, straightforward to use structure applications with fairly minor hard work. Its ease of use, typically utilised by untrained office personnel can from time to time be as a lot of a hindrance as a blessing as lots of ‘have-a-go’ builders neglect the genuine ability and enterprise benefit it possesses, mistaking it for a restricted details modelling application.

As a simple case, when you right click on a question and decide on ‘Design View’, the microsoft access databases may well stop abruptly devoid of throwing any error. Future time, when you attempt and open the database, it won’t mount and come to be inaccessible.

To produce this in our question QryStaff, open up the query in structure view, and choose the prime mobile in the up coming empty column in the reduced aspect of the display screen. Now form in the complete calculation AGE:INT((Date()-DOB)/365.25) and simply click one cell down. We do this to assure Accessibility detects the present subject names in the calculation and square brackets them, and also to look at that we have typed the details correctly. If there are any typing problems Obtain will prompt you with an mistake information. Ideally the typing is proper and there are no mistake messages. Conserve the question and run it. You should really now see each individual member of staff’s age. Switching any DOB in the primary table and working the query all over again will final result in the up to date age.

In this Speedy Access Program, we’re likely to critique how to create a database so that you can generate and retain a report of your consumer contacts that will keep observe of who known as when, who they spoke with, what they requested, and any other variety of details that can help you to enhance your sales and purchaser relationships.

A Pivot Desk reveals precisely the same facts analysis as for the cross tab. A Pivot Desk can be created by utilizing the form Pivot desk wizard, which asks you in precisely the identical way for at the very least a single row field, just one column field and 1 facts field. When finish the ensuing table demonstrates the exact facts investigation as realized by the cross tab. Even so the important difference is that the resulting fields on the pivot table can be dragged and dropped on the type to generate new quick preparations – hence the name pivot table, with no require to switch to layout see.

Other forms of sort you can also produce are a numerous things type. This variety reveals lots of information in a datasheet format. To produce this form of variety initial make guaranteed you click on the table you call for in the navigation pane. Then make certain you are on the create tab and go alongside to the types section. Click on the multiple products form button.

Alpha 5 v10 has a range of selections for desktop and Internet environments. Alpha 5 v10 Developer is the regular. There are also Alpha V Runtime, for deploying desktop applications, Alpha 5 v10 Application Server, with a module server for the deployment of Web purposes, and the All-In-A person bundle. Every version of Alpha Five v10 is suitable with Home windows 2008 Server, Home windows 2003 Server, Windows 7, Windows Vista, and Windows XP.

Still, If this remedy will not direct you restoration of your file then you need to mend your access databases file utilizing 3rd celebration obtain restore tool which restores and recovers all corrupted or broken file for all most recent Operating method.

microsoft access is a practical softwarewhich assists you build tables and queries and potentially Varieties and Reports. It is also quick for you to develop hyperlinks amongst tables during your function. The tutorial will demonstrate you some of these linked relationships and the way to use them.

Then set the Company. There is a various Company for every file extension. A .mdb file will have its own Supplier and a .accdb file will have one more.

Generating tables has also come to be pretty effortless. When creating tables as element of your MS Access 2007 tutorial lessons, you may well use one particular of the uncomplicated formation procedures, these kinds of as creating columns in datasheet operate kind. However, it is enhanced to search at making use of the system view to make tables simply because this may present you a superior comprehension of columns .The built in wizards may well only attain you so far.

Issue four# – You have just developed some DNS zones in your community. So considerably you just had one particular Primary DNS and a person Secondary DNS. The replication was really clean and difficulties absolutely free. You now would like that zone transfer and updates on the network transpire equally clean after the zones have been designed.

The International Vital is essentially the Key Vital from just one desk positioned in yet another desk in order to be part of them. When generating a report to see how quite a few gross sales there are per customer, accessibility will glance at a sales history, see that there is an Overseas Crucial and look in the relating customer table at the matching amount to obtain the consumer particulars. Data only requirements to be entered after. When producing an entrance stop for the people to enter the income, a field can be placed on a variety, which will quickly demonstrate the consumer names, and the user can simply just pick out from the list. Behind the scenes, accessibility will have positioned the Main Vital for the picked buyer in the Overseas Essential industry on the profits table.

So Access ‘newbies’ can gain from the introduction training stage, finding out vital principles these as how to use tables, fields and records in relation to very simple queries, sorts and views. The far more sophisticated consumers will acquire skills in SQL queries and how they relate to relational databases.

Business Web Programs make it possible for you to obtain files from anywhere. You can even concurrently share and operate on files with other people on the internet. You can check out files across PCs, cellular telephones and the Website without having compromising document fidelity. By providing a lot more approaches to obtain information from practically wherever, Place of work Website Apps empower you to get factors performed in accordance to your agenda.

After you have acquired how to produce this very simple databases in this Brief Access Class, you may be in a position to quickly established up any of the template databases that Microsoft delivers in its template wizard showcase.

When you have determined your tables, and have outlined all the possible fields that will make up your tables like a ‘common’ subject which is heading to be the url to other tables forming the relational database (a single of microsoft access database strengths), you are now ready to generate your relational databases.

We’ll subsequent explain how to make a Navigation Type in Access 2010 with a very simple example. Suppose you’ve got by now designed an Accessibility 2010 database with a single or additional tables, kinds and experiences.

On the other hand, one particular or extra information in a desk could be corrupt. Scroll down the table until you discover the document which results in the trouble. Lower and paste those people documents into an additional table. If you can open up the databases then your option is reasonably straightforward else you have to have to get the data repaired employing some entry mend application.

So now the calculation seems like (Date()-DOB)/365.twenty five in the calculation industry. Nonetheless this will give every single person’s age but with heaps of decimal destinations right after the number. In truth if an individual is aged twenty and 8 months, their age is however twenty. So we total the calculation by employing INT which reveals only the total selection from the calculation. Finally we incorporate a label AGE. So the completed calculation seems to be like AGE:INT((Date()-DOB)/365.25) devoid of any additional spaces. Be aware there are two open up brackets just after INT.

Both of those the important and sub type should have a record resource as also a table or inquiry. In this scenario you would bind the customer desk as the history resource of the essential variety and bind the commands table as the report source of the sub form.

Often a microsoft access sub type could be applied beside a main form to product what is acknowledged as a just one to a lot romance for occasion an invoicing construction in which 1 shopper can have a large amount of commands. We would place up a desk for purchasers and a single for instructions. We would then make the hyperlink amongst the two tables to illustrate that for just about every consumer there is a single order and just about every buy could belong to only a single consumer. The link in the partnership would be the shopper ID which could be the principal key of the just one side (consumer) table and a good deal of side (orders) desk.

If this doesn’t work, another simple solution you could check out is making a new, blank database and just importing all of the objects from the outdated databases. You are going to get all of the tables, queries, varieties, and experiences (and macros/modules as well if you select them) but you would not have any of the database qualities, these types of as the startup possibilities. Just do not import the AutoExec macro if it exists.

To develop the Northwind database from the template, launch Accessibility 2010. Then click on the File tab and opt for New and pick Sample Templates. You may see a checklist of accessible templates which were put in on your personal computer alongside with Entry 2010. Choose Northwind, then in the far correct of the monitor pick the folder in which you want Northwind saved. Then simply click the Develop button and Obtain builds and then saves the database file Northwind.accb to your picked out folder. Northwind then opens with a log on display screen. To enter the database simply click Ok on the log on display.

Entry Your Database on Apple iphone and iPad: Most providers make it possible for workforce to entry corporate means on their smartphones. So you will definitely expect your database to be suitable with major cellular running techniques. Alongside with Windows and Mac OS, Filemaker is also compatible with iPad and Iphone. As these devices are greatly utilised by persons, you can permit you employees to obtain and regulate your databases on the go. Additional, you have possibilities to safely share the Filemaker databases over a community consisting of Mac, Home windows, Apple iphone and iPad consumers.

Query six# – You are expected to use sure protection update variations based mostly on the already present ones in your network. Which of the next would you use to examine what exists and what needs to be applied?

There could be several motives but the most expected is that at the time of execution of compact and restore database utility, indexes are rebuilt. Owing to that, each time it finds data that outcomes violation in indexes which additional drops out the indexes. Or, if you enforced referential integrity on this desk which is also eliminated by compact approach. Or database may possibly have long gone corrupt which is not allowing the databases to be accessed properly.

If you variety the name of an present object, such as a variety name, into the tab title, and press Enter, Access mechanically copies the type or report onto the tab. Alternatively you can drag a form or report from the Navigation Pane directly to a tab on the Navigation Kind. A new tab seems with the identical identify as the kind or report, and the dragged type or report displays in the Navigation Variety place. So using both of these methods you can simply make up a bank of types and reviews in individual tabbed views inside of the Navigation Kind. If you want to take out a tabbed product, pick the tab title and press the delete crucial.

Other types of kind you can also generate are a numerous items form. This kind exhibits numerous information in a datasheet format. To create this kind of sort 1st make confident you click on on the desk you demand in the navigation pane. Then make guaranteed you are on the produce tab and go alongside to the forms part. Click on the a number of products sort button.

Stellar Information and facts Methods Ltd. provides the very best Entry fix application. Stellar Phoenix Entry Recovery Program is the third get together software earlier mentioned all Access recovery application. This Accessibility recovery software employs innovative scanning algorithms to resolve all the Accessibility database corruption challenges. This Accessibility restoration utility restore entry databases objects, these types of as, queries, tables, sorts, sights, macros and additional. This fix program supports quite a few versions of MS Obtain, these as, Accessibility XP, 2007, 2003, 2002 and XP. This access restoration software also recovers the relations involving all the tables.

a hundred% Cross-Platform: Numerous builders use Filemaker in blend with other programming languages to create impressive info processing purposes. More, Filemaker is an a hundred% cross-system relational databases motor that runs on both equally Windows and Mac OS in an exact and identical way. So you database application can seamlessly retailer, mange and access details, regardless of the platform.

If you happen to be just starting off to use Entry 2010 a beneficial default class is Object Sort. If you pick this a person, you will see the checklist of teams for tables, queries, forms and reports. Simply click when on the Table group and you are going to see all the tables in the database. Double clicking on any desk will open it in the principal section of the screen. So from the groups beneath Item Kind you can open any desk, question, type or report in the database. The opened item will seem to the suitable of the navigation pane. You can open extra than just one item at a time in this way and every single merchandise will surface in an independent tab inside of the main show. The rightmost tab can be closed by clicking the cross in the grey bar over the exhibit.

Continue to, If this solution will not lead you restoration of your file then you require to repair service your accessibility database file employing 3rd celebration accessibility fix resource which restores and recovers all corrupted or ruined file for all most up-to-date Functioning technique.

microsoft access is rather adaptable and strong relational databases management answer. Microsoft Obtain Database is an a lot less high-priced alternate to the bigger databases methods which require a tremendous amount of money of set up and servicing price tag. Since it is established by Microsoft, the users who are acquainted with Windows uncover it straightforward to use.

The Foreign Essential is fundamentally the Primary Important from a single desk placed in one more table in order to sign up for them. When making a report to see how several profits there are per purchaser, accessibility will search at a profits record, see that there is a Foreign Important and seem in the relating customer table at the matching number to get the purchaser information. Data only wants to be entered when. When building an entrance close for the buyers to enter the product sales, a subject can be put on a form, which will quickly exhibit the shopper names, and the person can merely pick from the listing. Powering the scenes, obtain will have positioned the Most important Vital for the picked client in the Overseas Important field on the gross sales table.

Issue 7# – You desire to continue to keep your DNS server database up-to-day and cost-free of needless documents. Which of the pursuing options will assist you to retain the DNS databases as ideal?

Once you have realized how to build this very simple databases in this Rapid Access Class, you will be in a position to simply established up any of the template databases that Microsoft gives in its template wizard showcase.

In equally microsoft access and Microsoft Excel it is pretty easy to sort columns of textual content or figures. Both courses provide us with toolbar buttons that make it possible for both ascending types (1 … 999) or descending kinds (999 … one). The Ascending button has a blue “A” previously mentioned a crimson “Z” with a downward pointing arrow to the suitable of the two letters. The Descending button has a purple “Z” over a blue “A” with a downward pointing arrow to the ideal of the 2 letters. Basically set the cursor in the column you want sorted and click on as soon as on the correct button.

So now the calculation looks like (Day()-DOB)/365.25 in the calculation industry. Nevertheless this will give each person’s age but with loads of decimal destinations just after the variety. In actuality if a human being is aged twenty and 8 months, their age is nonetheless twenty. So we entire the calculation by employing INT which demonstrates only the complete range from the calculation. And finally we increase a label AGE. So the completed calculation appears to be like AGE:INT((Day()-DOB)/365.25) devoid of any more spaces. Be aware there are two open up brackets right after INT.

In this Fast Obtain Study course, we are heading to overview how to build a databases so that you can create and keep a history of your consumer contacts that will retain track of who termed when, who they spoke with, what they purchased, and any other kind of facts that can help you to increase your profits and customer associations.

The Principal Vital is therefore important to determine person documents. In actuality this is important when there are probable to be incredibly big databases that contains thousand if not hundreds of thousands of records. The Foreign Vital strategy will allow cross-referencing of tables and documents, which is specially important in modern-day databases, which can contain hundreds of separate tables. The cross-referencing and signing up for of the tables generate interactions in between the tables, which is what will make a relational databases feasible and sensible.

Options to Crank out a Range of Studies: Each business has to generate a variety of stories to express essential information and facts to staff, management and shoppers. Alongside with utilizing the updated and most applicable info, the experiences also need to have to present the details in a trendy and eye-catchy way. With the move-by-stage reporting resources furnished by Filemaker, you can use powerful and captivating experiences, and use these to regulate and automate a number of duties. The characteristic even more allows you to share the studies in broadly applied file formats like PDF and Excel.

A Pivot Desk exhibits precisely the similar details investigation as for the cross tab. A Pivot Desk can be created by utilizing the form Pivot desk wizard, which asks you in particularly the same way for at minimum one particular row subject, one particular column field and 1 data industry. When finish the ensuing table shows the same data investigation as realized by the cross tab. Even so the essential distinction is that the resulting fields on the pivot table can be dragged and dropped on the type to make new immediate arrangements – hence the identify pivot desk, with no want to switch to structure view.

a hundred% Cross-System: Quite a few builders use Filemaker in combination with other programming languages to create powerful knowledge processing purposes. Additional, Filemaker is an a hundred% cross-system relational database motor that operates on the two Windows and Mac OS in an actual and identical way. So you database software can seamlessly keep, mange and access info, no matter of the platform.